There are many contemporary
questions and concerns found in the scriptures. For example the Hebrew bid for
Reparations during the time of the Exodus. Also the parallels of the
enslavement of Black people and the ancient Hebrews. What of the 430 year
sojourn and the time period of the enslavement of Blacks in America? Who are
the Black Hebrews, are these people the original Hebrews? Then who are those
that ascribe Hebrew ancestry that are European?
Thus, the events of the Passover and the Exodus hold the key too many questions and concerns. Also, what of Judaism. Was Judaism a vehicle to Christianity? Then what of the Law now?
Peace and Love,
Carl Patton writing for the FreedomJournal April 15, 2002 in the year of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
THE ORIGIN AND REALITY OF THE PASSOVER
In the name of Jehovah God,
Master of the universe, Ruler of the earth.
The Biblical account of the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ
occurred during the Passover celebration by the Hebrew people. However, the
Passover has an origin in the Old Testament during the Exodus.† Meanwhile there is some confusion
regarding what is the Passover and how does it impact on Christians today. Also
there is a need to disclose how the events surrounding the historical
development of the Passover influence present day Christians and the Christians
who made the transition from Judaism to Christians. Jesus Christ the Messiah is
seen in the Passover from the Old to the New. Also Christ came to remove the
need for the Passover Celebration in that it was a Hebrew Holy day and not day
to be celebrated by the Christians.
In the second Book of the Old Testament we find the most extensive
Biblical record of the Passover. This discussion is found in Exodus chapters 12
and 13. Thus, the Exodus of the Hebrew people is very important to an
understanding of the Passover. For example the 10 plagues and the Passover
preceded the Exodus. The Torah is also a source for a Biblical
record of the Passover and the Exodus. See Exodus 12:37, 13:20, 14:2-5,
15:22-27, 16:1-2, 17:1, 19:1-2, and Numbers 33:3-15. The Bible also renders
several Biblical passages regarding the Exodus, see Judges 6:8-13, Psalms
78:12-53, 106:7-46, Isaiah 63:11-13, Ezekiel 20:5-26, Hebrews 11:27-29.
However, these scriptures are also based on the traditions of the Torah.
So what is the Feast of the Passover? The Passover is an annual
celebration and ritual that pays tribute to God for the deliverance of the Hebrew
people from slavery in Egypt. This celebration and observance took place on the
14th day of Nisan. This month was noted as Abid in older calendars. For
the record month is a synonym for moon. The people of Old times worshiped the
moon and measured time by it. Meanwhile, the ancient Hebrew people established
their months by various names. These names were taken from the Phoenicians and
Canaanites. Also, the names were related to seasonal things. Abid is the
pre-exilic name for the first month of the year. (See Exodus 13:4, 23:15,
34:18). However, after the exile the name was changed to Nisan. This month fell
around the time of our contemporary month of March and early April. (Also see
Nehemiah 2:1, Esther 3:7, Deuteronomy 16:1).
Therefore, on the 14th day of Nisan the Passover took place. This
celebration included the slaughter of a lamb and its consumption as a meal
shared by the entire family. However the Passover eventually became associated
with the seven-day Festival of Unleavened Bread that began on the 15th of
Nisan. Thus, the Passover celebration was held from the 14th of Nisan to the
21st.† It is also noted
that the Passover is a reflection of an ancient nomadic observance. The blood
of a slaughtered animal was thought to provide protection for a nomadic
community during annual migrations. Meanwhile the Biblical record reveals that
a pre-selected lamb is slaughtered at twilight on the 14th day of Nisan (Exodus
12:1-6). The blood is placed on the frame of the door (Exodus 12:7).
The Exodus story goes onto note that the blood serves to protect the
Hebrew people from the divine plagues that will kill the first born. Eventually
the lamb that was slaughtered is roasted and eaten by the entire family. This
meal includes unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Exodus 12:8- 11).† In Exodus 13:6 we see that the
seven-day Festival of Unleavened Bread follows the Passover. But the seven-day
Festival requires a pilgrimage to a sacred site on the seventh day of the
Furthermore the Passover is a celebration of not only what God has
done in the past. But also what God is doing in the present. We also note that
the Passover marks the exit from Egypt, and also the entry into the land of
promise.† Meanwhile, the
Passover observance saw several changes. These changes are Biblical but we will
also note the man-made changes and the significance of the Passover to present
day Christians. The family observance in the home is transformed into a
national pilgrimage festival.
The first change noted in Deuteronomy 16:6 and Exodus 12:6 changed the time of the slaughter of the animal. The second change found in Deuteronomy 16:2, Exodus 12:3 noted that the Hebrew people could choose either cattle or sheep for the sacrifice. The third change (Deuteronomy 16:7, Exodus 12:9) changed the method of cooking the meat from roasting to boiling. Also, most likely the combing and association of the Passover and the Festival for Unleavened Bread occurred at the time of Deuteronomic reforms.
THE ORIGIN AND REALITY OF THE PASSOVER
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