6: A Theory For Analysis: The Dialectical Conclusions of Economics & Racism
As "The Land of the Blacks" gave way to an economic system that involved humans as articles of commerce the world entered the dark ages. The record shows especially the research of Chancellor Williams that Arab and European Imperialism affected Africa. The record shows that the Arab Muslims were the first slave traders. While they traded for Black slaves on the east coast, they carried on trade throughout West Africa. Thus, during the Middle Ages Muslim traders from north of the Sahara carried on extensive trade with the states of West Africa.
However when European Imperialism replaced Arab Imperialism in the last quarter of the nineteenth century the trade in humans became entrenched on the West coast of Africa. This did not bring the trade by the Arabs on the East coast to a close but this trade was not tied to world conquest. Nevertheless, Arab Imperialism in Africa was a huge factor:
"Asian imperialism, though rarely even mentioned was, and still is even more devastating for the African people than that of either Europe or America. The Arab white superiority complex isn't less than that of Europe or America, although their strategy of brotherhood deceives naive Blacks." (Chancellor Williams,” The Destruction of Black Civilization,” p. 3).
Meanwhile, the Atlantic slave trade came under the control of successive Europeans. The Portuguese, the Dutch, the French and the English, which included the American colonists, were involved in the slave trade.
"In 1619 the year before the Mayflower crossing, twenty blacks were brought to Jamestown, Virginia by a Dutch man-of-war. In the beginning it seems that no clear-cut distinction was made between black and white indentured servants, but by 1640 a clear difference in treatment had emerged." (“Afro-American History: Primary Sources,” Thomas R. Frazier, editor, p. 29).
The trade in human flesh and the increasing demand for slave
labor in the Americas brought on a new economic system. This system also
affected and influenced the political social and psychological realms of human
existence. Also, prominent historical facts arose. What was the affect of the
slave trade on setting the precedents for dis-unity within the Black
personality? Did the African wars to capture Blacks to be sold into slavery
conflict with moral values?
Did the trade between African states and slave traders weaken or enhance the standards of living for the coastal states of West Africa? Finally in view of the coming colonialism of Africa did the slave trade pave the way for European colonialism?
Furthermore the development of an economic system based on the slave trade created prominent economic, political, social and psychological principles related to a term called racism. Thus, the slave trade became an established economic system. However, did slavery lead to racism and racial prejudice or did racial prejudice lead to slavery?
We argue ( Psyche Z Publishing/FreedomJournal) that racial prejudice preceded slavery. However, it was invented to justify slavery. Thus, racial prejudice had no life or utility before man decided to enslave a particular group of people primarily for economic gain. Therefore, slavery and racial prejudice have a historical development in greed and the lust for material wealth.
The record also shows that the people from "The Land of the Blacks” established the first civilizations on the planet earth.
"Blacks were among the earliest builders of a great civilization on this planet, including the development of writing, sciences, engineering, medicine, architecture, religion and the fine arts.” (Chancellor Williams, p. 33).
Meanwhile, the European slave masters faced a dilemma. How do you enslave people that laid the foundation for world civilizations? Ivan Van Sertima argues that the rediscovery of ancient Egypt by Europeans caused a calculated distinction of African history and the attempt to remove it from Africa.
"To see Africa as one of the fountainheads of civilization was an embarrassment and a contradiction at a time when Europe's leap forward was being powered by a mechanical harnessing of the muscular energy of the slave. European history therefore, had to ignore and to disguise the other Africa”. (Ivan Van Sertima (ed.),” The Journal of African Civilization,” p. 5).
These factors prompted a sustained and calculated rationale for the economic system of slavery. Thus to explore these economic measures that continue to affect Africa and Blacks throughout the Diaspora we have to redefine racism. Hence, comes the dialectical approach. The Marxists have clouded this approach because they have disregarded the factors of race. Thus, we look at defining a new theoretical approach to our theory of analysis using the basic theories of the economic premise. However, we also note the essence of the knowledge of God the Creator of all that exists. Here we will maintain the central and critical nature of this approach toward the social sciences being an exact science. We will also show how the Marxian analysis can never approach this realm and is essentially a factor of idolatry.